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Geo-science, or geo-physical science, is the study of the Earth’s structures — everything from the layers of its crust to the bodies of water found within it and the sky above it. Geo-science is all about studying the solid Earth first and foremost, but also studying its various air and liquid structures in order to learn more about how these elements interact with one another. Geo-science is obviously one of the oldest types of sciences out there, since from the beginning of time people have been wondering what the Earth is made of, why it’s made of certain elements, where to find these elements, and how they work. In geo-science, biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics all come together to help scientists understand more about how the world works, how it has changed in the past, and how it might evolve in the future.

Geo-science will always be an important scientific study, as it answers many questions and can help with predictions:

What has caused past natural disasters (such as tsunamis and earthquakes)?
When and where will the next volcanic eruption occur?
Where can we drill for new oil sources?
Where can we find more natural energy sources?


Geo-science is also useful in keeping track of earthquakes and the subtle but ever-present shifting of the tectonic plates and continents. And one of the most common methods of studying our planets various structures requires nothing more than two or more boreholes (deep holes drilled into surfaces), electrodes, a high-sodium liquid solution, and electricity. Learn more about how electricity is used in geo-physical science when you learn more about Advanced Geosciences, Inc. This is the use of electric resistivity to create maps and graphs of what’s within and below various surfaces. Also known as electrical resistivity monitoring, using electrical tomography tools makes it accurate and efficient to see what’s going on within the earth. To put it simply, electricity is conducted between two or more strategically placed boreholes, and then heat maps and special graphs are created using the collected data to provide a visual diagram of what we can’t see with the naked eye. While this is an older form of geo-physical science, it is still a very accurate and efficient method to use.